Nutrients and Health Benefits

Nutrients and Health Benefits


Nutrients and health benefits Why is it important to eat vegetables? Eating vegetables provides health benefits
– people who eat more vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet are likely
to have a reduced risk of some chronic diseases. Vegetables provide nutrients vital for health and maintenance of your body. Nutrients – Most vegetables are naturally low in fat
and calories. None have cholesterol. (Sauces or seasonings may add fat, calories, and/or cholesterol.) – Vegetables are important sources of many
nutrients, including potassium, dietary fiber, folate (folic acid), vitamin A, and vitamin
C. – Diets rich in potassium may help to maintain
healthy blood pressure. Vegetable sources of potassium include sweet
potatoes, white potatoes, white beans, tomato products (paste, sauce, and juice), beet greens,
soybeans, lima beans, spinach, lentils, and kidney beans. – Dietary fiber from vegetables, as part of
an overall healthy diet, helps reduce blood cholesterol levels and may lower risk of heart
disease. Fiber is important for proper bowel function. It helps reduce constipation and diverticulosis. Fiber-containing foods such as vegetables
help provide a feeling of fullness with fewer calories. – Folate (folic acid) helps the body form
red blood cells. Women of childbearing age who may become pregnant
should consume adequate folate from foods, and in addition 400 mcg of synthetic folic
acid from fortified foods or supplements. This reduces the risk of neural tube defects,
spina bifida, and anencephaly during fetal development. – Vitamin A keeps eyes and skin healthy and
helps to protect against infections. – Vitamin C helps heal cuts and wounds and
keeps teeth and gums healthy. Vitamin C aids in iron absorption. Health benefits – Eating a diet rich in vegetables and fruits
as part of an overall healthy diet may reduce risk for heart disease, including heart attack
and stroke. – Eating a diet rich in some vegetables and
fruits as part of an overall healthy diet may protect against certain types of cancers. – Diets rich in foods containing fiber, such
as some vegetables and fruits, may reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity, and type
2 diabetes. – Eating vegetables and fruits rich in potassium
as part of an overall healthy diet may lower blood pressure, and may also reduce the risk
of developing kidney stones and help to decrease bone loss. – Eating foods such as vegetables that are
lower in calories per cup instead of some other higher-calorie food may be useful in
helping to lower calorie intake.

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