ORS Nutrition Pearls December 2018

ORS Nutrition Pearls December 2018



welcome to this month's nutrition pearl oral rehydration solutions not your average sports drink brought to you by the Council for pediatric nutrition professionals oral rehydration solutions or ORS are not sports drinks sodas juices or similar drinks which do not meet the World Health Organization or who criteria for oral rehydration solutions these types of non ORS fluids are typically high in sugar and osmolality and do not contain enough sodium na Norris fluids should be avoided during times when a child is having dominating or diarrhea some of these liquids are high in sugar which can make output greater and contain inadequate amounts of sodium or potassium to replenish the child's losses via diarrhea or vomiting o RS is recognized universally as the standard therapy for dehydration secondary to diarrhea is typically a mixture of glucose and salts mixed with one liter of water the who has defined ORS as 245 million moles per liter containing complex carbohydrate or 2 percent glucose and 50 to 90 milli equivalents of sodium per liter o RS should be used for patients with mild to moderate dehydration and are accepting the fluids it is not intended for use during copious vomiting or underlying disorders such as intestinal obstruction it's an effective safe convenient and inexpensive option compared to intravenous therapy if the patient needs o RS for more than 24 to 48 hours they need immediate medical assessment this chart compares the who definition of ORS to other products as you can see those products highlighted in green are comprised of the appropriate electrolytes and dextrose composition closest to the P definition those highlighted in yellow and red are not comprised of the appropriate electrolytes and dextrose and can actually exacerbate a child's hydration thank you

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