Safety First Safety Awareness Ramp Communications 1

Safety First   Safety Awareness Ramp Communications  1



dear I'll tell FOX Jets damn I want to play right back tear unity 9-0 Sierra Walker Gina and complex that word describes today's ramp aircraft are high-tech handling practices are to your ramp is a fast-paced world of traffic congestion last-minute changes split-second decisions as general and commercial aviation continue to grow training is more important than ever with innovations in safety management and standardized training aircraft owners fixed based operators and you can operate to this industry best practice the nata safety first ramp communications safety awareness program in this video air charter and fixed based operators will learn how safety awareness and effective communication can help you identify hazards and minimize or eliminate risk Natas best practices have been developed to enhance ground operations safety and quality through proven time-tested practices by adopting Natas recommended best practices aircraft ramp operations will be conducted in a more professional coordinated and ultimately safer manner an operation that follows the nata safety first ramp communications safety awareness program will benefit by eliminating known hazards our best practices were developed by the industry and Natas aviation experts start by raising your awareness and expertise know and use proven tools to reinforce the fact that everyone has a part in safety the foundation of Natas safety first ramp communications safety awareness program safety first many unfortunate incidents and accidents have occurred because personnel simply don't understand the other's duties and responsibilities for example line Tech's have marshaled aircraft into tight spots or pilots have ignored the ground crews signal to stop when events like these were fully analyzed we learned that a lack of understanding of the other's job was the root cause so let's take a look at both worlds on the flight line we have professional line service technicians mechanics and customer service professionals in the cockpit we have professional pilots performing multiple complex tasks all to exacting standards historically training on ground communication signals was left to reviewing the aeronautical information manual today training is much more complex and focused NATA has identified the need to reinforce ground communication signals to match the growth of the industry this video training program will address effective communication procedures that ground and flight operations personnel must be proficient with when communicating on the ground so we all speak a common language to an international standard we will cover standard ground signals and procedures the right tools for the job arrival signals ramp safety and departure signals the right tools for the job the professional line tech is equipped with safety glasses – the ANSI standard to protect against eye injury from flying debris hearing protection suitable for the environment you are operating in a whistle to use to alert others to hazardous conditions or to signal stop radio to communicate with operations and coordinate services bright fluorescent vest so you can be seen and be safe gloves a breakaway ID lanyard day and illuminated night ones one should be easy to see day or night clearly visible in day lit at night chocks NATA recommends rubber chocks or Chuck suitable for the environment and aircraft fluorescent cones placed to protect and draw attention to the aircraft cones that are bright clean reflective and training this video will provide the foundation for both pilots and ground personnel to work together protecting each other our customers and our customers aircraft by communicating in an effective clear and precise manner when ground crew and pilots don't understand each other and the demands of their respective jobs accidents can and will happen and accidents mean higher operating costs downtime lost revenue higher insurance costs and customer dissatisfaction Natas safety first ramp communications safety awareness program will help both pilots and ground crew understand the complex demands of each other's duties standard ground signals and procedures arrival standard ground signals so we all understand the same language delivered with military precision the lead line tech will position himself at the spot where the aircraft will be serviced once the aircraft is in sight the line tech will give the ready to guide signal for this signal stand with feet slightly apart and arms raised straight above the head like all forms of communication the message you're trying to convey may be misinterpreted if you do not use the proper words or in this case the proper signals it is important for the line technician to remember that his actions are being interpreted by someone at the controls of a very complex piece of equipment to taxi the aircraft straight ahead hold both arms out to the sides at a 90 degree angle and exercise both the forearms in a comma head motion to signal a right turn hold the left arm and wand out stretch to the side while the right arm executes the comma head signal to signal a left turn hold the right arm and wand out stretch to the side while the left arm executes the comma head signal all marshalling signals should be performed at a slow precise cadence to slow the aircraft hold both elbows at your side with the forearms forward and at a 90 degree angle to the body using the standard cadence repeatedly move both forearms in a downward motion affirmative thumbs up is a signal used in many situations it is used to indicate the acknowledgment of instructions or that the air area is clear to continue movement or everything is okay negative thumbs down is the signal used to indicate no or not ready to indicate clearance between aircraft and a fixed object hold both arms overhead approximating the relative distance between the aircraft and the object to bring the aircraft to a stop the signal begins with arms down at the side then in a slow movement raise both arms in a sweeping motion until the wands meet overhead and are crossed this signal should be given when the aircraft is approximately ten feet from its final parking spot the line tech must not be abrupt with this signal as the pilot will react immediately to the stop signal hold this position until the chocks are inserted to signal an immediate stop cross both wrists Rowan's above your head to signal wheel chocks installed raise both arms overhead with wands pointed inward toward each other make an inward motion with both arms indicating the chocks have been installed to signal set brakes extend both arms overhead and clench both fists this tells the pilot to set his brakes to signal release brakes hold both fists overhead then extend and spread the fingers this tells the pilot to release the brakes to stop the aircraft engines move the right hand and wand across the throat when the pilot wants an external power source connected the pilot will insert his right hand into the cupped fist of his left hand to signal that the ground power unit has been connected hold the left hand across the chest and moved the right hand from the side to the palm of the left hand a closed fist is also acceptable for aircraft equipped with air stairs you may be asked to provide an all-clear signal before the flight crew extends the air stairs this is mainly performed during quick turn operations and will be requested by the flight crew prior to arrival via Unicom to signal okay to extend air stairs the line tech extends both arms out to the left side and up at a 45-degree angle and then sweeps the right arm downward in a deliberate motion duplicating the air stair movement for transport category aircraft that require headset communication to be connected the pilot will cover his ears with his hands signaling for headset communications if the pilot has lost headset communication with the ground crew he will duplicate the motion by placing both hands over the ears indicating that he cannot hear your communications standard ground signals and procedures ramp safety once the aircraft is in its final servicing position and the engines have come to a complete stop only then can ground support equipment approach the aircraft for servicing NATA recommends a standard 50 and 10 foot positive control stop when approaching an aircraft for servicing a full stop must be performed at the 50 and 10 foot marks to determine that the brakes are fully operational and that all control mechanisms are functioning properly in addition speed restrictions apply within the 50 and 10 foot marks from the 50 foot full stop position proceed to the aircraft at or below 5 miles per hour at the 10 foot mark perform the second full stop any further movement toward the aircraft must be made with a guide person and at a dead slow pace pre-planning is critical to each and every aircraft servicing operation it is also required when positioning your service vehicles in close proximity to the aircraft that you control the approach at an angle which will allow sufficient room to take evasive action in the event of a break or mechanical failure vehicle movement under any aircraft is strictly prohibited standard ground signals and procedures departure signals to properly communicate with the pilot of an aircraft ready to depart it is essential that you maintain direct visual contact with the pilot to accomplish this the line tech stands facing the pilot usually just slightly off the nose of the aircraft from this position the signals passed between the pilot and line tech will be clearly visible and clearly understood to signal ok to close air stairs the line tech extends one arm out to the left side and up at a 45 degree angle and then sweeps the right arm upward in a deliberate motion to join the left arm when the pilot wants the ground power unit disconnected the pilot will place his right hand inside the cup of his left hand and will pull down on his right hand as if pulling the plug from the aircraft to signal that the ground power unit has been disconnected place the right hand across the chest and with the left hand cover the fingers of the right hand then pull the right hand away holding the right hand low and away at the side to signal start engines stand approximately 20 feet in front of the aircraft the engines on multi engined aircraft are numbered from the pilots left to right as indicated here to signal start an engine hold the left arm out to the side with forearm pointing toward the sky indicate which engine is clear to start by indicating the engine number with the fingers of the left hand with the right arm rotate the forearm in a 12 inch circle repeatedly once the engine begins to spool up stand ready for the next signal to signal fire in the engine extend and wave the right arm in a fanning motion below the waist if it is a multi-engine aircraft hold the left arm up and out to the side indicating which engine has developed the fire to indicate a smoke or fire condition in the aircraft's braking system the line tech points to the specific landing gear and with the right hand makes a rapid fanning motion to alert the crew do not move flight control surfaces this signal is performed to alert the pilot of a potential hazard near the aircraft's flight control surfaces such as improperly staged ground equipment to perform this signal grip the wand at its midpoint with your right hand and extend overhead until viewed and acknowledged by the pilot to pass control off to another guide person stand facing the aircraft with the upper torso turned toward the next guide person while extending both arms and wands in the direction of the guide person to signal end of ground guidance the line tech faces the pilot gives a crisp military salute with the right hand indicating that all is clear to depart once this signal is received by the pilot the line tech will stand easy and monitor the aircraft's progress off the ramp while performing a last visual inspection of the aircraft to ensure all service access doors are secure if problems are detected or if something is wrong signal the pilot or contact operations immediately let's take a look at a typical departure on a multi-engine aircraft start engines terminated oil pressure single rudder and hoist check after dark chocolate chunks removed taxi ahead turn to taxiway pass control and ground guidance remember even though the aircraft is under its own power the passengers on board the aircraft are looking at everything especially you your actions and appearance directly reflect the quality of your organization nata safety first ramp communications safety awareness program helps pilots and ground crew understand the complex demands of each other's role working together in this fast-paced environment pilots and ground support personnel make up a formidable team when ramp communication is performed in a clear concise and professional manner ramp operations will be smoother safer and more satisfying for you and your customers by following Natas safety first ramp communications safety awareness program safety on the ramp has never been more achievable you

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11 thoughts on “Safety First Safety Awareness Ramp Communications 1

  1. Namaskar sir. I follow OSHA, FAA And ANSI standards. I give priority first to an OSHA at workplace. Your video delivered absolute information which i required. I am thankful to those professionals who collect and create the valuable information and videos which reuired for Aviation Ground Safety.

  2. 3:01
    Yeah. They dont look professional like that anymore.
    At least, not in Boston.
    Looks like a hood on the tarmac.

  3. his "straight ahead" should be done like he is doing his "turning" not the pumping motion. and the final spotting of the aircraft, dont forget to show an "on the mark" by touching your wands parallel before crossing for an X. you should salute with the wand and point with the wand as to which engine to start. no need to take the wand out of your hand to use your hand.

  4. I spent 10 years in the Nav doing this stuff, Crash Fire and learned to fuel aircraft too. On Carriers and Shore Stations and was never able to get a decent  job as a Ramp person in civilian life. With countless apps to United US Air and Ect. Ect.  So now years later I'm a successful Office Clerk. So for my fellow shipmates that might be getting out by now….how does one get this job????? Or like everything else now days when it comes to jobs…I guess it's just LUCK!

  5. the marshaling hand signals are incorrect to IATA standards.  There is no such "pumping" motion to indicate "come forward."  Additionally, when issuing the stop signal, the wands are to be in front of the marshaller so he/she can see what the pilots see.

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