hey what's up guys welcome to another episode of pan the organizer on today's show we're going to talk about water softeners systems so what they are and how they work how to do their proper maintenance we're gonna discuss the differences between hard water and soft water and I'm going to show you a lab analysis results of the water hardness levels in my home so before I added the system and after I added the water softener system to see if it performs as expected as in all my videos I'll keep things super simple and once you're done watching you'll learn everything there is to know about water softener systems so without further ado let's go ahead and start the show so hey guys I'm pan welcome back to all my regular viewers and for all of you for whom it's the first time that you watch one of my videos I strongly recommend that you click that subscribe button that way you won't miss my future videos alright so today we talk about water softeners these machines essentially reduce the water contaminants and scale buildup and extend the lifespan of your home appliances so what is hard water essentially hard water contains a large amounts of dissolved calcium magnesium iron and other particles so depending on what country and even which city you're living in you can have hard water coming in from your main city source so among the main disadvantages of having hard water come into your home number one it can leave a film of soap scum on your dishes and bathroom fixtures number two it can cause mineral buildup in your appliances and your pipes number three it can reduce the efficiency of your heating elements in water heaters number four it can produce corrosion and rust number five it reduces the lather of soap and shampoo during showers and baths and number six it can make your laundry feel stiffer and look less vibrant so to determine if you have hard water you need to take a water sample from your tap and bring it to your local dealer to have it analyzed water hardness is measured in milligrams per liter soft water has a hardness range of less than twenty milligrams per liter hard water comes in at 121 to over a hundred and eighty milligrams per liter there are also some visual signs to let you know that your water might be hard it will leave soap scum behind on your sinks and in your bathtub and it will also lead to scale buildup in washing machines dishwashers water heaters humidifiers and coffee makers so this is where a water softener system comes into play now this is an ion exchange system meaning it will remove all of the metal particles and contaminants from your water act like a magnetic sponge to pull those minerals away and leave you with soft water so how they work essentially they take the water coming in from your main water supply line it runs through a tank that contains resin so there are tons of little ionic beads in there and the water flows through that resin and the resin takes away all the hard minerals so calcium magnesium and iron and other contaminants removes it from your water and then returns some nice clean water for your home so a water softener system contains two tanks the main tank in which we have the resin that cleans away the water and makes it soft and then we have a second tank that contains salt so if we open the second tank you can see there are some fine particles of salt in there some typical salt so at the bottom of this salt tank there's also some water in order to create a salt brine so every couple of days this salt brine is flushed into the resin tank to clean away in a wash away all those hardness ions and those hard ions get then rinsed and sent into your wastewater drain so it's that simple maintenance is super easy there's nothing to do other than add bags of salt into the tank so every month or so just look in and if you see that there's some salt missing you take your bag you pour it in there you close the lid back up you seal it and you're good to go these machines will run anywhere from 15 to 20 years depending on their use the typical household with two adults will go through one or two bags per month and at an average cost of five dollars per bag that's roughly a hundred and twenty dollars per year so it's quite economical there are many advantages of using a water softener system so none you're lowering your energy costs by reducing the scale buildup in your water heater you can reduce the amount of soap you need in order to create lather you extend the lifetime of plumbing you get a silkier feel of the water when washing your clothes will feel softer and they'll look more vibrant after you're done washing them and also your skin will feel much softer and your hair as well so hopefully you can see this well but essentially the water flows into the city goes through a pre-filter to capture all the bigger particles it then gets sent into the resin tank so this is where the ion exchange takes place and this is where your water gets softened so every four to five days or whenever the system needs it there's a regeneration process for the resin and so as we explained there is a salt brine contained in the second tank it gets sent into the resin tank to flush it out and then it gets rinsed in to your wastewater drain now the text to install my system were nice enough to keep a cutout of the original water supply piping that was coming through the city and keep in mind my home is fairly new it was built new in 2012 so it's only five years old and look at this the water pipe already contained some metal particles that are deposited on the sides of the piping and you can see limescale build-up as well all that orange gunk and this pipe is supposed to be white and already look how it changed color if hard water can do this to a fairly new home imagine when it can do to your pipes in a period of 5 10 or 20 years so to test for the efficiency and performance of the water softener system I went ahead and had a lab analysis done of my tap water before I added the water softener and after I added the water softener system so if we look at the numbers the three key figures here are the total water hardness so before I added the system it was at a level of 40 milligrams per liter of calcium carbonate the iron total was at point 4 milligrams per liter and the manganese total was at point O 4 milligrams per liter so these were still either below the norm and the standard or close to it so my water wasn't really hard per se so if we now look at the lab analysis report for the tap water after I added the water softener system the numbers speak for themselves so the total water hardness levels dropped to 20 milligrams per liter of calcium carbonate the iron total dropped to 0.3 milligrams per liter and the manganese total dropped to just point zero two milligrams per liter so all within recommended spec for soft water so guys I hope I was able to demystify it what a water softener system is and what it does if you liked this video click the thumbs up button also you'll be able to click the card above and watch my other DIY videos if you like my content and want to see more you got to make sure to click the subscribe button that's found under this video that way you'll subscribe to my channel and never miss my future videos so that's it for me guys thanks for watching and in the meantime don't forget keep it tight keep it clean and I'll see you on the next one you

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  1. Nice setup, but i hope you and your family dont consume this softened water, because it is bad for healt.Softened water is just for using in heating systems and appliances in house.Dont drink or use for cooking this water

  2. I understand these softeners do a great job, but do they remove chlorinated, fluoridated, pharmaceutical contaminaes as well?

  3. Can this system be used for window cleaning as purified water or is this not as processed as purified water and another system is better?

  4. Thank you for the explanation. After 20 years of dealing with extremely hard water (18 gpg), we finally bought a Fleck. It makes ALL the difference…except it’s tricky to program, and all things mechanical/technical is sorcery to me. I did figure out how to program it, but I still wasn’t clear how it actually worked. Thank you!

  5. Thanks for the video. I don't see the salt being used up which makes me think that there is more maintanence than what you referred to, I believe there can be scale that builds up in the line to the salt tank. Is that true ?

  6. Hey pan what system did you get? Looks like AO Smith am I right? We are looking into getting a water softener but can’t decide on getting a 2 tank system like this or just a old regular type like whirlpool.

  7. Random question. I have a water softner in my house but I have never turned it on. Could I just turn it on or should I have it inspected?

  8. I live in upstate NY and all the municipal water around here is hard because the bedrock is all Limestone. A water softener is essential if you live in this area. nice vid.

  9. Hi Pan. Great video! So I have two black tanks just like yours. One for the hot water and the other for soft water. Both came with the house I bought. My question is once in a while at night, the soft water will make this loud noise for 20 minutes as if it’s cleaning the water. On the screen it says RR and then the clock ticks down from 20 min to 0 minutes. I’m assuming this is a normal process and my soft water is just cleaning the tank. What do you think is happening? Have an idea what RR stand for? I’m thinking it stands for Regeneration. Let me know what you think. Secondly, do you know if there is any maintenance on my endless hot water tank? (both systems are very new). Appreciate the help! I subscribed to your channel.

  10. I have a question. These companies that claim to have salt-free water softeners are basically lying correct? I mean they make the claim. Conditioning is the word they use, but in the end; a salt-based system will outperform any salt-free system every time.

    My question is about the filtration? Do you use another filter for the chlorine, sediment and the long list of crap that's supposedly in the water. Plus there's traces of iron in my water also. I mean I can see it in grout of my shower floor. I live in Miami and water sucks. It's not as bad as Flint, MI, but it's not good.

    Put it this way, I used bottled water to rinse after I brush my teeth. I only ask because I got a custom-made shower filter and I don't know how it does it, but there's no build hard water build up on my shower doors and walls anymore. I know it's not really softening the water, but it's doing something. After it was installed, I felt the difference immediately. It was bit pricey, but I don't have to pressure steam my shower doors as often. It uses catalytic carbon, plus 3 or 4 other levels to filter the water. Shockingly, it works. That brings to my initial question though. What do you to filter the water?

  11. I live in a desserty area in West texas, water here has been destroying my plumbing in just a couple of years of my new built house. A plumber had recommended getting a water softener, so your video help me understand what it does exactly. I hope I can get one you got.

  12. Hey Pan, congrats for your video. I can understand all video because you speak an excellent english. Thanks so much!!!

  13. hmmm if it does that to pipes then why is the government allowing people to be poisoned because WE DRINK IT . thats why your children are constantly sick .

  14. Thanks for the explanation! I work at a winery and we have one of these, and even tough i do un derstand how it works, I was looking for an explanation in english that could help me with my technical vocabulary.

  15. Thanks for the explanation. Question. Say there's some build up in your pipes from not having a water softner. Will getting and using a softner eventually cause that build up to break away and be gone? If not, how would you fix that problem

  16. Several points:

    Water softeners are not intended for removing iron. They will remove low levels but if you have a lot of iron then a separate iron removal system may be required.

    You have a good two tank water softener system, one tank to hold the resin that the water flows through and a separate tank to hold the salt solution which is used to flush out the resin tank and re-juvenate the resin on a weekly or so basis (mine is about every 17 days). The Big Box stores sell single all-in-one tanks which are cheap cheap cheap (price and quality) and should all be avoided. They will not last.

    The rejuvenation of the resin tank every week or more is automatic on a modern system, typically set to when a certain amount of water has gone through the resin. It can also be set for a specific time interval, say every 7 days or every 12 days, but basing it on water usage is more common and makes more sense. All of this is controlled by a typically electronic valve, the programmable box on top of a tank at the beginning of the video. Fleck and Clack are the best valves.

    I've never been impressed with this talk of mineral build up in pipes. While doing renovations I cut out a section of 1/2" copper pipe that had been in place carrying hard water to a tap for 40+ years and found the mineral build up in it negligible – barely noticeable. The water is hard here, but admittedly not super hard, and I've never heard of anyone having any problem with mineral build up in pipes. Admittedly you were showing a piece of modern plastic pipe which I have no familiarity with and may be affected differently by minerals.

  17. As a 8 Month HVAC apprentice who’s company also does Water Treatment Systems, I found this video to be very informative. Great job, this will be my go to video for when I’m refreshing my knowledge on Water Softeners and what they can do for homes.

  18. Hey pan, just wondering if you had any bypasses installed with your water softener. I.E, did they bypass the kitchen sink tap and the outdoor hose bibs?

  19. This video is perfect. Great explanation, straight to the point, & under 8 minutes. You win sir. Thank you and subscribed.

  20. Hi sir
    I m currently living in Pakistan
    The area where my home situated has extremely salty water
    Its very difficult to wash clothes bcz it takes 3x quantity of powder
    Cannot take bathe as per desire bcz soap and shampoo doesn’t work
    Moreover is very dangerous for the skin
    So is that softner machine can work for this problem??
    Kindly reply

  21. Came here after watching Joe Robinet's video of his new house. My curiosity was intrigued after he said he needed one because he's on well water now. Don't ya just love science.

  22. Hello
    I have a Northstar water softner.
    The unit will only fill the brine tank for 2 minutes.
    Ref: 0-100%
    When the unit reachs 20-25% of the regen
    I hear a sucking air noise.
    Like the unit is NOT filling enough water.
    Brine tank is clean.
    Any thoughts/suggestions?
    Thank You

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